Navigating a whole new university system can be pretty daunting. We’ve broken it down into 5 easy steps to get you started…
1. What do you want to study?
When you apply to a Romanian university, you’ll submit your application to a faculty (facultate in Romanian). Upon arriving at the university, you’ll have the chance to choose a specialisation within your chosen faculty. For example, you might apply to the Faculty of History and Philosophy and later decide to specialise in Archaeology.
The credit-based assessment system means you will have a lot of flexibility to ‘build’ a degree course to suit you. In some cases, the transferable credit system means students can even study at more than one university simultaneously if a subject they want isn’t provided at their institution (although this requires your university to have a pre-existing arrangement with another unversity).
It takes three years to complete most bachelor’s courses in Romania and students will leave with a Diploma de Licen?a (or a Diploma de Inginer for engineers and a Diploma de Doctor for medical school graduates).
2. What kind of university do you want to attend?
Your decision of which university to attend might be influenced by many different factors such as cost, location, selectivity or the quality of teaching. The Times Higher Education page on Romania is a good place to start for university rankings and comparisons.
Romanian universities are afforded a high level of autonomy, with curriculum, content, teaching methods and textbooks normally being set by individual departments or individual instructors. With this in mind, it’s important to check out the individual faculty websites before you apply, to ensure your chosen course will be suited to you.
On top of this, in Romania, you can choose to enrol in either a private or public university. The difference between private and state universities in Romania is less marked than in other European countries but in general private universities tend to be smaller and have higher tuition fees.
Private universities started to appear in Romania after the end of the communist regime but many of them have adapted to the Ministry of Education’s tightening standards and the move to standardise higher education across the country. They once had a reputation in Romania for being profit-oriented and providing lower-quality education, but gradually more and more of them have either gained accreditation from the Romanian government or closed down. At present, 36 out of the 70 functioning private universities have accredited status. A list of accredited universities can be found on the Ministry of Education website.
3. Do you meet the entry requirements?
Once you’ve chosen a course and a university, you’ll need to make sure you fulfil all the entry requirements. Check out our article Study in Romania: Preparing to Apply to get started.
The admissions process varies from place to place and there is no centralised admissions scheme (like UCAS in the UK). You’ll apply directly to each university and follow their own process. You can apply to as many universities as you like (although make sure you take into account the application fees which usually range from 30-50 lei or approximately €6-11).
Admissions decisions are normally based on performance in the examenul de bacalaureat (or your country’s equivalent) although you could also be asked to sit a written or oral entrance test, attend an interview, or submit an essay.
Entrance requirements for Mathematics and Computer Science BA at University Babes-Bolyai:
- TOEFL test (see our article Study in Romania: preparing to apply to check whether you’ll need this)
- A written entrance exam in either Mathematics or Computer Sciences
- To have studied Mathematics or Computer Science at Baccalaureate level (or equivalent)
5. Final steps
- If you need a student visa, apply for one as soon as possible, as it usually takes around 2 months to get a response from the embassy/consulate (see our 'Preparing to Apply' article for more information).
- If you are an EU student, ensure you have your EHIC card (European Health Insurance Card). If you’re from outside the EU, you’ll need to arrange health insurance (see our 'Preparing to Apply' article for more information).
- Plan out your finances, using our The cost of studing in Romania article for help.
- Book your accommodation. Check what the university has to offer or look for private accommodation. For more information on accommodation, check out our article on The cost of studying in Romania article.